Which Languages Will Rule Programming in 2019?

May 21, 2019

Every year, coding trends change and new languages become popular. To remain relevant, programmers must keep up with cutting-edge technologies and shifts in programming trends.

It’s still the beginning of the year, so there’s plenty of time to bring your skills up to date and acquire new knowledge. This article contains an overview of the top 3 languages that will define programming in 2019. We compiled this list with the forecasts from technology experts at CodeRiders, a team with almost a decade of experience in the software industry.

The Enduring Appeal of PHP

One of the most widespread programming languages among backend developers is PHP. There is consistently an extensive need for PHP developers in the market, although it’s been confronted with a stiff rivalry from JavaScript. 

Percentages of websites using various server-side programming languages; 78.9% use PHP and 0.7% use Javascript.

Source

A survey by W3Tech found that almost 79% of the websites are created using PHP.

PHP frameworks simplify the development of web apps by enabling an elementary layout. Laravel, CodeIgniter, and Symfony are some of the most popular versions.

Using these frameworks, web development tasks can be completed successfully without long and complex codes. They offer useful characteristics and features that make for a superior development experience.

PHP has a considerable scope of frameworks, so programmers have many options to choose from. Since most are open source, you can use them without paying any licensing fees.

The following list includes some of the better-known choices available:

  • Laravel: Laravel is a composer-friendly web app framework with a clean architecture. The reason this framework is so favored lies in the ease of use for common programming tasks like routing, authentication, caching and sessions.
  • Symfony: Symfony makes building websites with PHP speedy, flexible, and easy to maintain. High-traffic websites like Dailymotion and Yahoo! Answers were developed with Symfony.
  • CodeIgniter: The reason many developers love CodeIgniter lies behind the open PHP web app framework and its well-documented and easy setup. It’s often used to build agile web applications.
  • Zend: It’s not easy to learn the Zend framework, but PHP developers still love it for a variety of reasons. Features include a handy drag & drop editor, cryptographic programming tools, database wizard, speedy bug fix tools. As a bonus, its configuration options make it perfect for composite websites.
  • Yii: Yii is popular for its speedy components for development as well as its security features. Like CodeIgniter, characteristically easy setup is where it really shines.

PHP is arguably a complicated programming language, so an equal quantity of people love and hate it.

Why does it still exist in such widespread use globally?

The answer is simple:  PHP is simple to learn and makes it easy to create prototypes.

  • WordPress, which comprises 90% of the web, uses PHP.
  • Many major websites like Facebook and Twitter were first written in PHP.

With such an abundant background and usability worldwide, this language will unquestionably continue to define the programming industry. 

CodeRiders developers prefer PHP, especially its frameworks, because it offers: 

  • Speedy app development
  • Simplified maintenance
  • Development activities automation
  • Cost reduction

Recently, CodeRiders held a programming training school with the aims of unbiasedly showing the pros and cons of coding fundamentals. We wanted our students to choose their favorite programming language by themselves. As you could guess, most chose PHP, and many are now working as PHP developers at CodeRiders Software Development Company!

JavaScript: 2018’s Most Popular Pick

When Stack Overflow released its Developer Survey Results 2018, JavaScript was the most popular language. More than half of all developers worldwide use JavaScript. Boasting speed, modesty, rich interfaces, adaptability, and a wide range of features, it’s also connected with both front-end and back-end development.

Percentages of developers who use different programming, scripting, and markup languages: 71% use Javascript, 69.4% use HTML, 66.2% use CSS, 58.5% use SQL, and 45.4% use Java.

Source 

JavaScript makes it possible to build interactive websites with special effects in web browsers. As reported by GitHub, JavaScript is forecast to be one of the leading programming languages in 2019. As the following image shows, according to the GitHub Octoverse Report, it’s currently one of the top 3 preferred languages.

According to GitHub, 10.2% of its users prefer Ruby, 6.9% prefer PHP, 6.5% prefer Javascript, 6.1% prefer C#, 5.7% prefer Go, 5.6% prefer TypeScript, 5.3% prefer Python, and 4.9% prefer Java.

Source

The report confirms that 6.5% of GitHub users enjoy using Javascript. 

JavaScript, HTML, and CSS make up the core existing technology stack of the web. JavaScript is used in the frontend of many popular websites such as Facebook, YouTube, Wikipedia, Google, and Amazon.

JavaScript provides tools and techniques for full-stack web and mobile application development. With features such as clickable buttons that open up a popup using JavaScript logic, no wonder so many developers enjoy using it.

With this technology, developers can build web applications, backend servers, mobile apps, and desktop applications. A single language that enables multiple actions, JavaScript is powerful indeed.

Here are some of JavaScript’s many well-known and best-loved web frameworks:

  • AngularJS: AngularJS is powered by Google and is one of the vastly favored open-source frameworks. Programmers especially love its ability to build beautifully designed, secure, safe and innovative web and mobile applications. Plus, AngularJS is simple to understand and easy to deploy.
  • ReactJS: ReactJS is the framework that powers Instagram and Facebook. Besides being highly reliable and safe React.js also helps in developing scalable apps with smooth front-end development.
  • Vue.js: Many beginner developers prefer Vue.js as it is a simple framework to learn. Vue.js helps to create a productive ecosystem. It is inspired by React.js, Angular.js and Knockout.js frameworks.
  • Node.js: Regardless that Node.js is a JavaScript run-time environment and not a programming language or framework, I included it in this list. About 50% of all developers use Node.js.

Before web companies were introduced to Node.js, they used various languages for both frontend and backend development. This necessity cost excessive hours, salary expenses, and human resources.

Node.js is fast and adaptable, so it’s the best match for an app that’s based on real-time actions and practices. Developers especially love its event loop component, which can conduct a massive number of server requests simultaneously.

Node.js has a bunch of well-known and widely used frameworks such as Sails.js, Meteor.js, and Express.js. Each one has its own features and characteristic advantages.

In the near future, JavaScript is predicted to rapidly expand into game development and IOT (the Internet of Things).

Java: The Leader in Versatility

When inventor James Gosling created the Java programming language in 1991, he had one concept in mind:

”Write once, run everywhere.”

Java is going to rule the tech world in 2019. Despite all the times critics kept saying it would be forgotten, it has passed the test of time. 

In the 2018 Stack OverFlow survey, Java is in fifth place in the Programming & Markup Languages section.

Applications written in Java can run on any platform, from Windows and Mac to iOS and Android, due to its general-purpose programming characteristic and an object-oriented structure.

Amazon, Google, Twitter, and YouTube among many other popular websites use Java at the backend.

This language has popular frameworks, too:

  • Spring
  • Struts
  • Hibernate

To start thinking like a programmer, many developers consider learning Java. One of the toughest parts is the vast number of new vocabularies it contains.

Many large international organizations choose Java as their main programming language. It is broadly used for developing enterprise-scale web apps. With this powerful language, programmers can easily retrieve and control file systems, graphics, or sound for any program running on all operating systems.

It is no surprise that almost every business needs an Android application due to the large number of Android users. More than three billion devices are currently running apps built with Java. Google even created Android Studio, which is an Android development framework based on Java.

Now it’s Your Turn to Decide: What’s Your Top Technical Language?

Every programming language has pros and cons. Your choice now will determine your present and predict the future. Making a thoughtful, data-driven decision about your central technology of choice will guide you along the path of growth you’re seeking.

Which language will you opt for in 2019? Follow these steps to help you decide.

  1. Determine if this is an individual or an organizational choice.
  2. Take into account the needs and level of difficulty for the project at hand.
  3. Consult with your client about your choice and prove it is research-based.

Remember, not every client you work with will be a tech expert, so be sure to clearly explain your choice in layperson’s terms.

CodeRiders experts confidently predict that this year, the web development industry will be dominated by PHP, JavaScript, and Java. To stay up to date, you should undoubtedly uplift the value of these languages when starting your next new project.

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